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Voltaire portrays a graphic of individual suffering and cruelty in the world. He criticizes the philosopher LeibnizвЂ™s that is gottfried optimism within the novel Candide. Candide had been published by Voltaire and translated by John Butt in 1950. вЂњEach specific contingent reality in the entire world has a descriptionвЂќ (вЂњGod in LeibnizвЂ™s TheoryвЂќ 1). Into the novel, CandideвЂ™s teacher Pangloss believes that individuals reside in вЂњthe most useful of all of the worlds that are possible. вЂќ This novel ended up being written throughout the amount of the research paper writing Enlightenment. This age had been a right time of a few ideas about technology and philosophy.
The doctrine, вЂњThe Divine Right of KingsвЂќ and вЂњThe personal ContractвЂќ had been written during this time period. a catastrophe that is major during the Enlightenment that shaped VoltaireвЂ™s attitude towards optimism. The Lisbon earthquake took place on November 1, 1755. Fires from cooking and candles broke down following the quake in addition to a Tsunami.